Ruth

The Book of Ruth is a literary masterpiece. Just as well it is, for if Ruth is placed immediately after the Book of Judges — as is done in the Septuagint and in most Bibles today — then it makes for a refreshing and comforting alternative to the dire ending of Judges....

Judges

The Book of Judges is not about the ‘good old days’ in Israel. On the contrary, it describes the decline of Israel through many cycles of oppression and (temporary) deliverance under the Judges (Judges 3:7-16:31). The God of Israel, however, is faithful to fulfil His...

Joshua

The Book of Joshua bears the name of its principal human character. In the Greek, the name Joshua is the equivalent of the name Jesus, meaning ‘the Lord saves/delivers’, so it is not just any name. We first hear of Joshua in Exodus 17:9-13 where he is a military...

Deuteronomy

Based on the first words in this book, the Hebrew title of Deuteronomy is ‘ēlleh haddėbarîm which means ‘these are the words’. This title is appropriate because, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the fifth and last book of the Pentateuch contains the last...

Numbers

The fifth word in the Hebrew text of the fourth book of the Pentateuch is bemidbār, which means ‘in the wilderness’. The English title ‘Numbers’ comes from a translation of the Greek word ‘Arithmoi’, used in the Septuagint, which refers to the two censuses in this...