The Book of James

The book of James was probably written by the brother of Jesus (cf. Matthew 13:55) who became a believer in Christ only after Jesus’ resurrection (cf. John 7:2-5). James waited for Pentecost (Acts 1:14), saw the resurrected Christ (1 Corinthians 15:7), became an...

Hebrews

The earliest manuscripts of this grand, majestic and sometimes puzzling sermon-epistle contain the title ‘To the Hebrews’. The original audience was Jewish, for it is ‘hard to imagine that a return to Levitical temple Judaism was a temptation for first-century Gentile...

Philemon

Onesimus, a slave from Colosse, not only ran away from his master (Philemon 11), but probably also stole from Philemon (18). The name “Onesimus” means ‘useful’ but, by running away, this slave became useless to his master. In the Roman Empire of 2 000 years ago, such...

The Pastoral letters: 1 Timothy, Titus and 2 Timothy

Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome ended in AD 61-62 and the Lord strengthened Paul so that ‘through me the message might be fully proclaimed’ and that ‘all the Gentiles might hear it’ (2 Timothy 4:17). In AD 62-67 Paul visited at least the following places:...

The Letter to Titus

After the apostle Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome ended in about AD 61-62, the Lord strengthened the apostle to proclaim the message of the gospel so that all the Gentiles might hear it (cf. 2 Timothy 4:17). During the next five or so years (AD 62-67), Paul...