The Book of Esther

Background There may be a good reason why Esther is the only book in the Bible that does not explicitly mention God. If Israel failed to keep the Mosaic covenant, God said (or threatened) that one consequence would be that that He would hide his presence, or ‘face’,...

The Book of Daniel

Daniel was part of the first deportation of Jews by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon in the year 605 BC. . . . Background and Date Hananiah, Mishael, Azariah and Daniel were youths of good appearance and clever minds when all this happened (1:4). These four youths were from...

The Book of Zechariah

Find a Hebrew name which means ‘Jehovah remembers’ and you will find the name ‘Zechariah’. . . . Author and Date Immediately after the introduction (1:1), the contemporaries of Zechariah are told to remember and do God’s words and statutes (1:2-6). Zechariah must have...

The Book of Malachi

This remarkable book was written almost 2 500 years ago to Jews who had returned to Israel after the Babylonian captivity. . . . Introduction Having heeded the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah, they had entered the Promised Land. The temple and the walls of Jerusalem were...

The Book of Haggai

We know next to nothing about Haggai, except that he was a prophet to Zerubbabel and to Joshua (1:1).. . . Author Interestingly, the name Haggai could mean ‘my festal one’ (Rydelnik 2014:1405) or refer to a ‘feast’ or ‘feast of the LORD’ (Fruchtenbaum 2005:3;...