Ezekiel

The name ‘Ezekiel’ means ‘God strengthens’ or ‘God will strengthen’. As a Levite (1:3), Ezekiel would have started to work in the temple when he was 30 years of age. Ezekiel was, however, about 25 years old when he was part of the second deportation to Babylon in...

Jeremiah

The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah in the 13th year of king Josiah, who was the last good king of Judah before the Babylonian captivity (Jeremiah 1:1-2). Jeremiah’s ministry as a prophet to Judah and Jerusalem continued until the 11th year of the reign of Zedekiah...

Isaiah

After John the Baptist (cf. Matthew 11:9-11), Isaiah was probably the greatest Old Testament prophet. The opening verse of the book states that Isaiah ministered during the reigns of four kings of Judah, namely king Uzziah (who died in 740/739 BC; cf. Isaiah 6:1),...

The Books of 1 and 2 Kings

The Books of 1 and 2 Kings are the last of what the Hebrew canon calls the Former Prophets (being Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings), which then leads to Latter Prophets (namely Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and the Twelve (‘minor prophets’)). In the Hebrew canon, 1 and 2...

The Books of 1 and 2 Samuel

In the original Hebrew composition, 1 and 2 Samuel is one book. During the second half of the third century BC, 70 scribes translated the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek Septuagint. Because the scrolls at that time did not have enough space for the content of...