The Book of Esther

The Book of Esther

Background There may be a good reason why Esther is the only book in the Bible that does not explicitly mention God. If Israel failed to keep the Mosaic covenant, God said (or threatened) that one consequence would be that that He would hide his presence, or ‘face’,...

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The Book of Daniel

The Book of Daniel

Daniel was part of the first deportation of Jews by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon in the year 605 BC. . . . Background and Date Hananiah, Mishael, Azariah and Daniel were youths of good appearance and clever minds when all this happened (1:4). These four youths were from...

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The Book of Zechariah

The Book of Zechariah

Find a Hebrew name which means ‘Jehovah remembers’ and you will find the name ‘Zechariah’. . . . Author and Date Immediately after the introduction (1:1), the contemporaries of Zechariah are told to remember and do God’s words and statutes (1:2-6). Zechariah must have...

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The Book of Malachi

The Book of Malachi

This remarkable book was written almost 2 500 years ago to Jews who had returned to Israel after the Babylonian captivity. . . . Introduction Having heeded the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah, they had entered the Promised Land. The temple and the walls of Jerusalem were...

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The Book of Haggai

The Book of Haggai

We know next to nothing about Haggai, except that he was a prophet to Zerubbabel and to Joshua (1:1).. . . Author Interestingly, the name Haggai could mean ‘my festal one’ (Rydelnik 2014:1405) or refer to a ‘feast’ or ‘feast of the LORD’ (Fruchtenbaum 2005:3;...

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The Book of Zephaniah

The Book of Zephaniah

Being the great-great grandson of Hezekiah (1:1), it is very likely that Zephaniah was from the royal house of David.. . . Author, Date and Locale Zephaniah likely ministered in Jerusalem. Since he ministered ‘in the days of Josiah’, the last good king of the Southern...

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The Book of Nahum

The Book of Nahum

Which book in the Bible is to some extent the sequel to the Book of Jonah? If the name of this book has the meaning of ‘comfort’ or ‘compassion’, why is it that near the end of this book it is asked, ‘Where shall I seek comforters for you?’ (3:7). This book describes...

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The Book of Micah

The Book of Micah

Together with Amos, Hosea and Isaiah, Micah was an eighth-century BC prophet. Since the Assyrians were going to take the Northern kingdom (Israel) captive, Micah was urging the Southern kingdom (Judah) to repent — or face a similar judgement. The preaching of Micah...

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The Book of Hosea

The Book of Hosea

Together with Amos, Micah and Isaiah, Hosea was an eighth-century BC prophet to Israel and to Judah. While he ministered during the reigns of four kings of Judah (the Southern kingdom), Hosea ministered primarily to the Northern kingdom (Israel), including the reign...

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The Book of Amos

The Book of Amos

Amos was not what some may call a ‘full-time theologian’, but he was a shepherd (1:1) and a dresser of sycamore figs (1:1; 7:14). While Amos lived in Tekoa, a town about 10 miles south of Jerusalem, God called him to prophesy to the Northern kingdom (1:1; 7:15). . . ....

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The Book of Jonah

The Book of Jonah

2 Kings 14:23-25 says that Jonah was a prophet who lived three miles from Nazareth, in a place called Gath-hepher, and he ministered during the time of king Jeroboam II. As the king over the Northern kingdom, Jeroboam II reigned during 793-753 BC and Ashur-Dan III...

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The Book of Joel

The Book of Joel

The name of the prophet Joel means ‘Yahweh is God’ (cf. 1:1). Little is known about this prophet, but given references to offerings, priests and the temple (1:9, 13-14, 16; 2:14, 17; 3:17-21), Joel was most likely a prophet from Judah in Jerusalem to the Southern...

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