The Doctrine of Satan (Part 3)

What does the Bible teach about the kingdom of darkness? How does Satan control this kingdom? What is the believer’s defence against Satan and his kingdom? As part of the Come & See discipleship course, we make use of an article of Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum (of Ariel Ministries) called Satanology: The doctrine of Satan, which is available at

Satan’s Sphere of Influence

Satan works in the cosmos. To understand what cosmos is, three Greek words need to be distinguished. Each of these three Greek words is translated in the Bible as ‘world’. The first is the word cosmos (translated in English as ‘world’), which means the world-system. It is used 187 times in the New Testament. Another Greek word aion (also translated ‘world) is used 41 times in the New Testament and refers to ‘an age’ in the sense of a period of time. The third word, oukoumenei (also translated as ‘world’) is used 14 times in the New Testament and means ‘the inhabited world’.

The word that emphasises Satan’s relationship to his kingdom is cosmos, meaning a world-system under Satan’s control. The Apostle John especially referred to Satan’s kingdom using the word ‘cosmos’, or ‘world’. How should Satan’s cosmos or world-system be defined? According to Fruchtenbaum (2005:23), Satan’s kingdom or world-system is ‘a vast order or system that Satan has promoted, which conforms to his ideals, aims, and methods, and includes government, conflict, armaments, jealousies, education, culture, religions of morality and pride’. In short, it is an orderly system that is headed up by Satan, but leaving God out.

This is the world system that now exists (2 Peter 3:5-7), it is ‘this present evil age’ (Galatians 1:4). Satan is the prince of this world (John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11), the god of this age (2 Corinthians 4:4) who has authority over the kingdoms of this world (Luke 4:5-7). The world-system lies in the lap of the evil one.

This cosmos world-system (or order) under Satan is completely evil. Sin entered into this world (Romans 5:12). This world does not know God (1 Corinthians 1:21) and this world-system does not know Christ (1 Corinthians 2:8). This Satanic kingdom is at enmity with God (James 4:4), it is corrupt through lust (2 Peter 1:4) and defiled (2 Peter 2:10). This world-system or kingdom of darkness has the spirit of antichrist (1 John 4:3).

The Temptations

The areas of temptation in this cosmos under Satan is through the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes and the pride of life (1 John 2:16). The desires of the kingdom of darkness is wealth (Mark 4:19), security outside of God (1 Corinthians 7:29-31) and material goods, not spiritual things (James 2:5). In fact, as far as spiritual things are concerned, this world-system of Satan is impotent, for it does not know the Father (John 17:25), it is without God (Ephesians 2:12) and it does not hear God (1 John 4:19).

The Son of God and His Mission

When God created the heavens and the earth, this cosmos was good, harmonious and made in a certain God-ordained order. God loves this universe (or world) and to save human beings, God sent his only begotten Son into the cosmos (John 3:16). The Son of God was sent into the cosmos, but His mission was (obviously) not of the world-system under Satan. Jesus came to save sinners out of Satan’s world-system, or kingdom (John 12:46; Colossians 1:13). The Holy Spirit convicts this world (cosmos) and the Messianic kingdom will not be of this world-system of Satan (John 18:36).

Do Not Love the World

What about believers? We are not of this world either; in other words, we are not under Satan’s kingdom anymore but we have been transferred to the kingdom of the beloved Son of the Father (cf. Colossians 1:13). Paul urges believers to present our bodies as living sacrifices, holy and acceptable to God (Romans 12:1). Moreover, we are not to conform to the ideals and thinking processes of Satan’s world-system anymore, but we are to be transformed by the renewing of our minds, so that we may prove what is that good, acceptable and perfect will of God (Romans 12:2). It is obvious that believers must not love Satan’s world-system or kingdom – because if anyone loves this world, this kingdom of darkness, the love of the Father is not in him or her (1 John 2:15).

We will be hated by this world (John 15:18-19), have tribulation in this world-system of Satan (John 17:14, 16) precisely because we are not of this world, though we are sent into it (John 17:18). Believers are to remain unspotted by the world (James 1:27). In Christ and by His power, we can overcome the world (1 John 5:4). Remember that all that is in this world-system under Satan is passing away, and the lust of it; but he or she who does the will of God abides forever (1 John 2:17). Satan’s kingdom is already under judgment of God (John 16:11; Romans 3:19), under condemnation (1 Corinthians 11:32) and will pass away (1 Corinthians 7:31) by being burned (2 Peter 3:10).

How to Resist Evil and the Evil One

What is the believer’s defence against Satan and his kingdom? It is the armour of God, which is the Scriptures (Ephesians 6:10-18; 1 John 2:14). We should abide in the Scriptures, know it, mediate on the Word of God and obey it. When Jesus was tempted, He used the Scriptures. Believers are told three times to resist Satan (Ephesians 6:10-18; James 4:7; 1 Peter 5:9) and again it is by means of the Scriptures, by applying the right Scripture in any specific temptation (as a reminder, the three categories of temptations are the lust of flesh, eyes and the pride of life). Believers are to stay alert (1 Peter 5:8). Know that the Lord Jesus Christ intercedes for us against the evil one (John 17:15; Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25).

Believers should also keep the following in mind: do not speak contemptuously of Satan, for not even the archangel Michael issued a railing accusation against Satan (Jude 8-9). Commit the issue to the Lord. Also, keep in mind that Satan is sometimes used by God, as seen in the life of Job (Job 1-2) and of the apostle Paul (2 Corinthians 12:7-16). Satan is a created being, not omnipotent like God and therefore Satan is sovereignly restricted. God will never allow Satan to go too far (Job 1:12; 2:6).

We end the way the Apostle Paul ended the letter to the Ephesians (6:10-11): ‘Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. Put on the whole armour of God that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil’.

This ends a three-part series about what the Bible teaches about Satan. We summarised to a large extent an article of Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum (of Ariel Ministries) called Satanology: The doctrine of Satan, available at We did not cover pages 25-34 of this article, which deals with the various works of Satan that the Bible describes.

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