The Sequence of Prophetic Events
Is it possible to identify a sequential order in which unconditional and as-yet-unfulfilled Bible prophecies will be fulfilled? Which prophetic events will be fulfilled before and during the Tribulation Period? Which prophecies will be fulfilled during the 75-day interval shortly after Christ’s return to the earth, and then during the millennium?
This article attempts to identify a sequential order of the fulfilment of unconditional and as-yet-unfulfilled prophecies until the beginning of the eternal order. After providing a contextual background regarding the sign of the end of this age, prophetic events (and processes) are ordered sequentially, as far as possible, for the time before, during and immediately after the Tribulation Period, before moving into the millennium. But first, some presuppositions are identified.
This article is written from a pre-tribulation and premillennial perspective. The historical-grammatical method of interpretation is used.
According to Fruchtenbaum (2004:10-11), the Book of Revelation takes ‘the scattered Old Testament prophecies and put them in chronological order so that the sequence of events may be determined’. It is important to understand that Revelation 6-18 deals with the Tribulation Period — and once this is grasped, inferences can be drawn as these future events are already casting shadows, even into our day and time.
Note that the New Testament does not reinterpret, change, cancel, spiritualize, transcend or idealize the meaning of Old Testament texts. The Old Testament is just as much God’s inspired Word as the New Testament is. Neither Testament contradicts the other. There is not a ‘canon within the canon’. New Testament revelation can make additional applications and it can add referents to Old Testament revelation. If this occurs, however, then it happens in the New Testament — but this still does not change or contradict the meaning of the relevant Old Testament scriptures in their original contexts. Consequently, all unconditional Old Testament promises or prophecies that remain unfulfilled in the New Testament era, will be literally fulfilled to those to whom it was promised. For example, typological, analogical or summation fulfilment of the Old Testament in the New Testament cannot eliminate unconditional, unfulfilled promises or prophecies made to Israel (Scholtz 2016:8).
Contextual Background: Sign of the End of this Age
Some prophecies have been fulfilled during the last century, but they remain relevant today and provide a contextual background to this study.
World War I and II
According to Matthew 24:7-8, the sign that the end of the age has begun is when nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, accompanied by famines, pestilences and earthquakes in various places — ‘all these’ things are the beginning of birth pangs (Cooper 1983:28-32, 48; Toussaint 1980:271; Fruchtenbaum 2004:627). Birth pangs was a common Jewish metaphor to refer to an indeterminate period of distress leading up to the end of the age (e.g., 1 Enoch 62:4; 2 Esdr 4:42; Tg. Ps 18:14). According to Cooper (1983:28-29; cf. Toussaint 1980:271), the phrase ‘nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom’ (cf. 2 Chr 15:1-7; Is 19:1-4) is a pure Hebraic idiom indicating a world war. After quoting the Bereshit Rabbah (XLII:4) and the Zohar Chadash to show that in Jesus’ day the expression ‘nation against nation, and kingdom against kingdom’ referred to a world-wide conflict, Fruchtenbaum (2004:95, 626-627) concludes that World Wars I and II are the sign that the end of the age has begun.
The Re-Establishment of the State of Israel
But World War I and II also set the stage for the re-establishment of the State of Israel. This is in fulfilment of Isaiah 11:11-12, Ezekiel 20:33-38; 22:17-22; 36:22-24 (cf. Fruchtenbaum 2004:97-104). Moreover, because the Tribulation Period will only begin when the antichrist signs a covenant with Israel (Dan 9:27), Israel must obviously be back in their land before the Tribulation Period.
Jewish Control over Jerusalem
Because the third temple must be functional by the middle of the Tribulation Period (cf. Mat 24:15; 2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13), at some stage Israel must regain control over Jerusalem, even if such control is temporary until the temple is functional (cf. Luk 21:24). Since 1967, Israel has some control over Jerusalem (Fruchtenbaum 2004:104-105).
Before the Tribulation Period
Which prophecies will be fulfilled before the Tribulation Period begins? Note that it is easier to list these prophecies than to order them sequentially. Moreover, some prophecies will only be fulfilled during the Tribulation Period, but processes leading up to that fulfilment are already evident in our day.
According to Daniel 7:23, there will be a world government system before the Tribulation Period begins.
Ten-Kingdom World Government
From of the above one-world government, ten kings and kingdoms will arise (Dan 2:41; 7:24) – also before the Tribulation starts. A world order, be it under 10 kings or ultimately under the antichrist, requires a level of control that is trans-national, supra-regional — indeed, global. This Satanic agenda may be achieved by attacking the basic building blocks of nations: break down physical borders (or simply open them), destroy national languages, devour national governments, trample upon national cultures, maybe also war against national currencies.
The Rebuilding of the City of Babylon
By the time the Tribulation Period begins, the literal city of Babylon must be rebuilt (cf. Rev 17-18), because Babylon will, for a time, serve as the capital city not only of a false one-world religious system but also as the citadel of the antichrist.
Only God knows when the rapture will take place. I understand the rapture of the Church to be pre-tribulational (1 Cor 15:50-58; 1 Thes 4:13-18; cf. Jn 14:1-3). After the rapture, Church Age believers will appear before the bema-seat of Christ (Rom 14:10-12;1 Cor 3:10-15), to be either rewarded for the works they did after being born again or to forfeit rewards which could have been earned. The marriage ceremony between Christ and his bride will occur in heaven sometime between the rapture and Christ’s return to the earth.
False Teachings and Moral Decay
The Spirit explicitly says, in 1 Timothy 4:1, that ‘in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons’, who will forbid marriage and advocate the abstaining from certain foods. In the next letter to Timothy, Paul writes that in the last days, perilous times will come, as moral decay will increase in scope and intensity (2 Tim 3:1-5).
The Return of Elijah
Before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD, Elijah the prophet will be sent to restore ‘all things’ (Mal 4:5; Mat 17:10-13).
Process: ‘Land-for-Peace’ Negotiations
At the end of the Tribulation Period, God will judge the nations ‘on behalf of My people and My inheritance, Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations; and they have divided up My land’ (Joel 3:2). Notice that it is God’s land. But most nations today are already putting pressure on Israel to divide its land for so-called peace. This so-called ‘land-for-peace’ strategy is going to end badly.
Process: Jerusalem a Burdensome Stone
According to Zechariah 12:1-3, God will not only make Jerusalem a cup that causes reeling to all the peoples around it, but also a heavy stone for all people. At the end of the Tribulation Period, all nations will go up to Israel to fight in the battle of Armageddon (Rev 16:16). The process, however, of nations turning against Israel, and not recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, is clearly well underway, and will escalate in intensity.
Satan wants to destroy all Jewish people. Why? First, Jesus said to a Jewish audience that ‘from now on you will not see Me until you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ (Mat 23:39). A future Jewish generation must put their faith and trust in Yeshua of Nazareth as the Messiah before He will return to the earth. Second, when the Messianic kingdom is established, the Lord Jesus Christ will rule over the chosen nation Israel. (Christ will rule over all the nations, but our focus is on Israel for the moment.) Satan, therefore, continues to attack Israel. These irrational trends to hate Israel and Jews will, unfortunately, continue until Christ returns (cf. Mat 25:31-46).
Process: Technology and Commerce
During the Tribulation, it will become impossible to buy or sell anything unless you take the mark of the beast (Rev 13:16-18). Technology and payment systems must, therefore, develop to ensure that this prophecy can be fulfilled during the Tribulation Period.
Process: One-World Religion
During the first half of the Tribulation Period, a one-world religious system will exist. Moves are already afoot to combine all ‘religions’ (humanity’s various so-called ‘ways’ to god/God) into a one-world religious body, a harlot for Satan. This is in stark contrast to Christianity which recognizes God’s only way of salvation through Jesus Christ, who is the only Way, Truth and Life (Jn 14:6).
Process: Rise of the Anti-Christ
Because Israel will not sign a covenant with a political nobody, there must be a rise of the antichrist prior to the Tribulation Period — whether his identity (as the antichrist) will already be perfectly known or not.
During the First Half of the Tribulation Period
Many prophecies will be fulfilled during the first half of the Tribulation Period. The Book of Revelation helps to identify the sequence of events (Fruchtenbaum 2004:10-11). Some prophetic events will overlap and happen during the same time span.
Start of the Tribulation Period
What will start the Tribulation Period is not the rapture of the Church, but rather the signing of a covenant between Israel and the Anti-Christ (Is 28:14-15; Dan 9:27). The Tribulation Period is the 70th week of Daniel, the time of Jacob’s trouble, a period of 7 years. These seven years can be divided into two consecutive periods of 3,5 years each, the first and the second half of the Tribulation Period.
World Religion and Ten-Kingdom World Government
During the first half of the Tribulation Period, a world religious body will dominate the ten-kingdom world government system from the rebuilt city of Babylon (Rev 17:1-2, 15-18). Babylon will then be the religious, economic and political capital of the world.
144 000 Jewish Evangelists
During the Tribulation Period, and quite contrary to religious Babylon, God will raise 144 000 Jewish evangelists who will proclaim the gospel of the kingdom all over the world (Rev 7; 14:1-5; cf. Mat 10:16-42).
Elijah and the Two Witnesses
One cannot say with certainty that Elijah is one of the two witnesses. Suffice to say that Elijah will have a ministry to perform (Mal 4:5-6; Mat 17:10-13). The two witnesses will prophesy for 42 months from the Temple Mount, and as I understand it, this will occur during the first half of the Tribulation Period (Rev 11:1-14).
The Seven Seal Judgements
Only Christ is worthy to take the book from the Father on the throne, to open the seven seals and the book (Rev 5:1-7). When Christ opens the seals (Rev 6; 8:1), these judgements of the Tribulation Period will commence sequentially:
- 1st Seal: Conquests of the Anti-Christ
- 2nd Seal: World War
- 3rd Seal: World-wide famine
- 4th Seal: Quarter of the world’s population dies
- 5th Seal: Persecution and martyrdom of post-rapture saints
- 6th Seal: Cosmic convulsions (great earthquake, blackout, etc.)
- 7th Seal: Contains the 7 trumpet judgements
Gog and Magog
While many place the Gog and Magog war before the Tribulation Period, it is my understanding, in line with Woods (2016:35-41), that Israel will be attacked by an alliance of nations (Ezk 38-39), probably as part of the first two seal judgements. God will intervene, and by the end of the Tribulation Period, a faithful remnant of Israel will not only miraculously survive, but also call on Christ to return.
The Seven Trumpet Judgements
It appears that the seven trumpet judgements (Rev 8-9; 10:7; 11:15a) will also occur during the first half of the Tribulation Period, after the seal judgements. The trumpet judgements will follow each other sequentially:
- 1st Trumpet: Third of dry earth destroyed
- 2nd Trumpet: Third of seawater destroyed
- 3rd Trumpet: Third of fresh water destroyed
- 4th Trumpet: Third of heavens destroyed
- 5th Trumpet: First demon invasion to torment for 5 months (first woe)
- 6th Trumpet: Second demon invasion to kill a 3rd of humanity (second woe)
- 7th Trumpet: Contains the 7 bowl judgments (third woe)
Events of the Middle of the Tribulation Period
As Revelation 10-13 alludes to, so many prophecies will be fulfilled at or close to the middle of the Tribulation Period that it is difficult to put them into sequential order.
Desolation of the Harlot
By the middle of the Tribulation Period, the ten kings make the world religious body (the harlot) desolate and naked (Rev 17:15-18).
The war in the Heavens, Satan Cast Down
During the middle of the Tribulation Period, Michael and his angels will war with the dragon (Satan) and his fallen angels. Michael and his angels win this war and Satan and his cohort are cast down to the earth (Dan 12:1; Rev 12:7-12).
Rise, Death, and Resurrection of the Anti-Christ
In the Middle of the Tribulation Period, and with the one-world religious system removed from the scene, the antichrist will move to gain religious, economic and political control of the earth. But the Anti-Christ will be killed, perhaps as part of a war, and go to the abyss (Rev 11:7; 13:3). Having been confined to the domains of the earth and the underworld, Satan will resurrect the antichrist and Satanically possess this son of perdition (Rev 13:1-3, 12). The whole earth will be amazed by this, and will follow and worship the beast, saying “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?” (Rev 13:3-4). After putting down three of the ten kings (Dan 7:24; Rev 17:12-13), the remaining seven will give their kingdom to the antichrist (Rev 17:12-13, 17). The antichrist will rule on earth as an absolute despot during the second half of the Tribulation Period. Jesus calls this 3,5-year period the Great Tribulation (Mat 24:21).
Death and Resurrection of the Two Witnesses
The antichrist will kill the two witnesses in the Middle of the Tribulation Period (Rev 11:7). God will, however, resurrect these two witnesses after 3,5 days. This will be followed by a great earthquake, killing 7 000 people in Jerusalem (Rev 11:11-13).
Abomination of Desolation
Having received religious control, and after ‘dealing’ with the two witnesses in the Middle of the Tribulation Period, the antichrist will enter the temple in Jerusalem (cf. Dan 9;27; 12:11; Mat 24:15-22). The antichrist will set himself forth as God (2 Thes 2:4; Rev 13:5-6). It is likely that the abomination of desolation refers to an image or an idol that will be made to stand in the holy of holies (Fruchtenbaum 2004:252-256). All ‘earth-dwellers’ (i.e. unbelievers) will worship the antichrist (Rev 13:8). At that stage, Jerusalem will be the religious capital of the antichrist, with Babylon still serving as his economic and political capital city.
The rise of the False Prophet
The false prophet will be prominent from at least the middle of the Tribulation Period. He will look like a pious, religious person, but speak like a dragon (Rev 13:11). The false prophet will have the power to perform counterfeit signs and wonders (Rev 13:13-15). It is the false prophet who forces people to worship the antichrist and to take the mark of the beast (Rev 13:12, 16-18). At this stage, a counterfeit ‘Satanic trinity’ will be present on earth: Satan as a counterfeit father, the antichrist as a counterfeit son, and the false prophet as a counterfeit holy spirit.
Flee to the Mountains
When you see the abomination of desolation, those Jews in Judea are commanded to flee to the mountains (Mat 24:16). At this stage, the counterfeit ‘trinity’ will attempt to annihilate and destroy all Jews, beginning in Judea. God will protect a remnant of Israel in the wilderness, in the mountains — just like He protected Elijah.
During the Second Half of the Tribulation Period
While the second half of the Tribulation Period will be ‘great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will’ (Mat 24:21), by the middle of the Tribulation Period, this announcement will have been made in heaven: ‘The ‘kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever’ (Rev 11:15). During the second half of the Tribulation, all the enemies of Christ will be made his footstool.
The Seven Bowl Judgements
I understand the seven bowl judgements (Rev 16; cf. 17-18) to occur during the second half of the Tribulation Period, that is after the seal and then the trumpet judgements. The bowl judgement will also follow each other sequentially:
- 1st Bowl: Sores on the followers of the antichrist
- 2nd Bowl: Saltwater turned to blood; all sea-creatures die
- 3rd Bowl: Freshwater turned to blood
- 4th Bowl: Sun scorches with fire and heat
- 5th Bowl: Blackout over the kingdom of darkness
- 6th Bowl: Campaign of Armageddon begins
- 7th Bowl: Greatest earthquake, massive hail, fall of Babylon
The Campaign of Armageddon
As is evident from the 6th bowl judgement, the diabolical ‘trinity’ will call all ‘the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty’ (Rev 16:14). The armies of Satan, the antichrist and the false prophet will be gathered at a specific mountain in Israel, namely Har-Mageddon (cf. Rev 16:16). We highly recommend readers to study Fruchtenbaum’s (2004:308-358) detailed and insightful explanation of the Campaign of Armageddon. According to Fruchtenbaum (2004:308), this campaign will have eight stages:
- 1st Stage: Assembling of the allies of the antichrist (6th bowl)
- 2nd Stage: Fall of Babylon (7th bowl)
- 3rd Stage: Fall of Jerusalem (Zech 12:1-9; 14:1-2)
- 4th Stage: Armies of antichrist at Bozrah/Petra (Jer 49:13-14)
- 5th Stage: National regeneration of Israel (Hos 6:1-3; Zach 12:10-13:1; Rom 11:25-27)
- 6th Stage: The Second Coming of Messiah (Mat 24:29-30; Rev 19:1-16)
- 7th Stage: Battle from Bozrah to the Valley of Jehoshaphat (Is 34:6; 63:1-6; Mic 2:12-13; Joel 3:12-13)
- 8th Stage: Victory ascent up the Mount of Olives (Zech 14:3-4)
When the Lord Jesus Christ returns to the earth, He will slay (render inoperative) the lawless one with the breath of His mouth and by the appearance of His coming (2 Thes 2:8). The earth will undergo huge topographical changes. For example, the millennium temple mountain will be the highest on earth (Is 2:2-4; Malan 2016:145).
The 75-Day Interval
The Messianic kingdom will not be established on the very day of Christ’s return to the earth, but only after a 75-day interval. According to Daniel 12:11-12, ‘from the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days’. How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1,335 days!’ During this 75-day interval (being 1335 days less 1260 days), more unconditional prophecies will be fulfilled.
The Removal of the Abomination of Desolation
The time period from the Middle of the Tribulation Period until the removal of the abomination of desolation from the third temple in Jerusalem will be 1290 days. But the second half of the Tribulation will last only 1260 days. Therefore, the abomination of desolation will remain in the temple for 30 days after Christ’s return, but then it will be destroyed.
The Antichrist and the False Prophet Thrown Alive into the Lake of Fire
Revelation 19:20 states: ‘And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone’. The antichrist and the false prophet are like diabolical ‘first-fruits’ of the second resurrection. All unbelievers and fallen angelic beings will eventually be thrown into the lake of fire.
Binding of Satan
Revelation 20:1-3 makes it clear that an angel will lay hold of Satan, bind him, and throw him into the abyss for a thousand years. During that time, Satan will not be able to deceive the nations any longer.
Other Fallen Angelic Beings
During the millennium, fallen angels/demons will be in a place of confinement. One group of demons will be confined in Edom, or modern-day Southern Jordan (Is 34:13-15). A second group will be confined in the city of Babylon (Is 13:21-22; Rev 18:2).
Sheep and Goat Judgement
Contextually, Matthew 25:31-46 is part of the Olivet Discourse (Mat 24-25; cf. Joel 3:1-3, 12). This judgement of the ‘sheep and goats’ will take place during the 75-day interval. Only physical survivors of the Tribulation Period will appear before the King (Mat 25:31, 34). Three groups are involved, namely the sheep, the goats and what the Lord Jesus calls ‘the least of these My brethren’ (Mat 25:32-33, 40, 45). The sheep represent believers who enter the kingdom with their mortal bodies, but the goats represent unbelievers who are not allowed to enter (Mat 25:34-45). Who are ‘the least of these My brethren’ (Mat 25:40, 45)? In Matthew 10:40-42, Jesus referred to the treatment of the messengers of the gospel of the kingdom as ‘little ones’. While it is true that all disciples of Jesus can be called ‘his brethren’ (cf. Mat 12:50), the little ones of Matthew 10:42 and ‘the least of these My brethren’ of Matthew 25:40, 45 must undoubtedly include the 144 000 Jews who will have preached the gospel of kingdom during the Tribulation Period. Those ‘sheep’-believers who (physically) survive the Tribulation Period, will enter the millennium with their physical bodies. They will be able to procreate, and their children will inherit the sin nature from Adam.
The resurrection of the Tribulation and Old Testament Saints
According to Revelation 20:4, the souls of those ‘who had been beheaded because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years’. It is not only the Tribulation Saints who will be resurrected, given glorified bodies and allowed to enter the Messianic kingdom, but Old Testament saints will also be resurrected and given their glorified bodies (Is 26:19; Dan 12:2).
Marriage Supper of the Lamb
While the invitation to the marriage supper is given in Revelation 19:9, the Gospel of Matthew also refers to this: When Jesus marvelled at the great faith of the centurion, he mentioned that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven (Mat 8:11). Further, in the parables about the wedding feast (Mat 22:1-14) and the parable about the ten virgins (Mat 25:1-13), only the righteous and the wise went with the Bridegroom to the wedding feast. Church Age believers are collectively the Bride of Christ, whereas the Old Testament and Tribulation Saints are the ‘friends of the Bridegroom’ (Jn 3:29; cf. Mt 9:13). At the end of the 7-day Marriage Supper of the Lamb, which also concludes the 75-day interval period, the Lord Jesus Christ will establish the Messianic kingdom.
During and After the Millennium
The Lord Jesus Christ will rule over Israel and all the nations with a rod of iron, from the throne of David in Jerusalem, and for a thousand years (cf. Rev 20:6). This kingdom will be characterised by righteousness, peace and joy. Christ will be the Head of the Messianic government, which will have Jewish and Gentile branches of government. There will be a millennial temple (Ezk 40-46), and a river will flow from this temple to what is today known as the Dead Sea (Ezk 47:1-12; Joel 3:18; Zech 14:8). It will be required for nations each year to attend the Feast of Tabernacles in Jerusalem and to worship the King (Zach 14:16-19). The earth will not be cursed anymore (cf. Gen 3:17-19). Believers will not die during the millennium, but unbelievers will pass away at age 100 (Is 65:20). Animals will be herbivores, just as it was in Eden, prior to the Fall (Is 11:6-9). The earth will bring forth its fruit, abundantly (Am 9:13-15; Mic 4:4).
Satan’s Final Rebellion
At the end of the millennium, Satan will be loosed from the abyss to deceive the nations yet again, for a final rebellion (Rev 20:7). A final Gog and Magog war will ensue, as Satan will gather unbelievers together on the broad plain of the earth. They will then surround the camp of the saints and the beloved city, but God will send fire down from heaven and devour them (Rev 20:8-9).
Great White Throne Judgement
Unbelievers are not only separated from God by remaining ‘in Adam’ (the first death) but if they remain unbelievers, they will be separated eternally from God, which is the second death (cf. Rev 20:6). The Great White Throne judgement (Rev 20:11-15) will establish the degree of punishment of unbelievers and of fallen angelic beings. That there will be degrees of punishment in the lake of fire is evident from Matthew 11:20-24, Luke 12:47-48 and John 19:11. The dead will be judged by what was written in the books [plural], according to what they had done (Rev 20:12).
A case should be established by two or three witnesses (Mat 18:16). At a time, the name of every human being was written in the Book of Life. However, the names of unbelievers can be blotted out from the book of the living (Ps 69:28; cf. 139:16). Christ states in Revelation 3:5 that the ‘one who conquers will be clothed in white garments, and I will never blot his name out of the book of life’. But the names of unbelievers will also not appear in the Lamb’s Book of Life (cf. Rev 13:8). Thomas (1995:432) states it well: ‘The Book of Life is a divine register for every loyal believer (cf. Isa 4:3; Ps 69:28; Dan 12:1) (Kiddle). It originally contained the names of all for whom Christ died, i.e., the whole world, but at the judgment of the Great White Throne many blank spaces will signal the removal of many names who never believed in Christ for salvation (Walvoord).’
At the Great White Throne judgement, at the name of Jesus, every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father (Phil 2:10-11).
Handing Back the Kingdom to the Father
After Christ has successfully reigned and demolished the last enemy, which is death (1 Cor 15:24-28), the ‘Son’s kingdom will then become the Father’s kingdom as the millennial kingdom (Rev. 20:1-10) then merges into the eternal state (Rev. 21-22)’ (Woods 2016:291).
This was an attempt to identify a sequential order of the fulfilment of unconditional and as-yet-unfulfilled prophecies up to the beginning of the eternal order. Prophecies before, during and immediately after the Tribulation Period were identified and, where possible, ordered sequentially. Major prophetic events during the millennium were then highlighted. In conclusion, near the end of the Book of Revelation, the Lord Jesus Christ says:
Cooper, D.L., 1983, Future Events Revealed: An Exposition of the Olivet Discourse, Biblical Research Society, Los Angeles.
Fruchtenbaum, A.G., 2004, The Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events, Ariel Ministries, Tustin.
Malan, J., 2016, Bybelse profesieë werp lig op die toekoms, Basuin Publikasies, Danabaai.
Scholtz, J.J., 2016, ‘Vooronderstellings wat die eskatologie beïnvloed’, In die Skriflig 50(1), a2170.
Scholtz, J.J., 2015, ‘Behold the Glory of the King: The Chiastic Structures of Matthew 21−25’, In die Skriflig 49(1), Art. #1856.
Thomas, R. L., 1995, Revelation 8-22: An Exegetical Commentary, Moody Publishers, Chicago.
Toussaint, S.D., 1980, Behold the King: A Study of Matthew, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids.
Woods, A.M., 2016, The Middle East Meltdown: The Coming Islamic Invasion of Israel, Dispensational Publishing House, Taos.
Woods, A.M., 2016, The Coming Kingdom: What is the Kingdom and how is Kingdom Now Theology Changing the Focus of the Church?, Grace Gospel Press, Duluth.
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